JSC ICT Suggestion and Question Patterns 2020-3
JSC ICT Suggestion and Question Patterns 2020-3. It is the methodical study of the viability, construction, appearance, and automation of the methodical procedures (or events) that motivate the gaining, picture, dispensation, storing, announcement of, and entree to material, whether such info is prearranged in moments and bytes in a computer memory or transliterated trains and protein constructions in a humanoid cell. A computer genius specializes in the theory of computation and the design of computational schemes.
JSC ICT Suggestion and Question Patterns 2020-3
Model Question No. 3
Information and communications technology (ICT) is an another/extensional term for information technology (IT) which stresses the role of unified communications and the integration of telecommunications (telephone lines and wireless signals), computers as well as necessary enterprise software, middleware, storage.
ICT is leveraged for economic, societal and interpersonal transactions and interactions. ICT has drastically changed how people work, communicate, learn and live. Moreover, ICT continues to revolutionize all parts of the human experience as first computers and now robots do many of the tasks once handled by humans. For example, computers once answered phones and directed calls to the appropriate individuals to respond; now robots not only can answer the calls, but they can often more quickly and efficiently handle callers’ requests for services.
ICT’s importance to economic development and business growth has been so monumental, in fact, that it’s credited with ushering in what many have labeled the Fourth Industrial Revolution.
ICT also underpins broad shifts in society, as individuals en masse are moving from personal, face-to-face interactions to ones in the digital space. This new era is frequently termed the Digital Age.
For all its revolutionary aspects, though, ICT capabilities aren’t evenly distributed. Simply put, richer countries and richer individuals enjoy more access and thus have a greater ability to seize on the advantages and opportunities powered by ICT.
Consider, for example, some findings from the World Bank. In 2016, it stated that more than 75% of people worldwide have access to a cellphone. However, internet access through either mobile or fixed broadband remains prohibitively expensive in many countries due to a lack of ICT infrastructure. Furthermore, the World Bank estimated that out of the global population of 7.4 billion people, more than 4 billion don’t have access to the internet. Additionally, it estimated that only 1.1 billion people have access to high-speed internet.
In the United States and elsewhere, this discrepancy in access to ICT has created the so-called digital divide.
The World Bank, numerous governmental authorities and non-government organizations (NGOs) advocate policies and programs that aim to bridge the digital divide by providing greater access to ICT among those individuals and populations struggling to afford it.
These various institutions assert that those without ICT capabilities are left out of the multiple opportunities and benefits that ICT creates and will, therefore, fall further behind in socio-economic terms.
The United Nations considers one of its Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) to “significantly increase access to information and communications technology and strive to provide universal and affordable access to the internet in the least developed countries by 2020.”
Economic advantages are found both within the ICT market as well as in the larger areas of business and society as a whole.
Within the ICT market, the advancement of ICT capabilities has made the development and delivery of various technologies cheaper for ICT vendors and their customers while also providing new market opportunities. For instance, telephone companies that once had to build and maintain miles of telephone lines have shifted to more advanced networking materials and can provide telephone, television and internet services; consumers now enjoy more choices in delivery and price points as a result.
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