HSC Social Work 1st Paper Suggestion and Question Patterns 2019-1. In welfare economics, a Social Work function is a function that ranks social states (alternative complete descriptions of the society) as less desirable, more desirable, or indifferent for every possible pair of social states. Inputs of the function include any variables considered to affect the economic welfare of a society. In using welfare measures of persons in the society as inputs, the Social Work function is individualistic in form. One use of a Social Work function is to represent prospective patterns of collective choice as to alternative social states.
HSC Social Work 1st Paper Suggestion and Question Patterns 2019-1
Model Question No. 1
The Social Work function is analogous to the consumer theory of indifference curve/budget constraint equilibrium for an individual, except that the Social Work function is a mapping of individual preferences or judgments of everyone in the society as to collective choices, which apply to all, whatever individual preferences are for (variable) constraints on factors of production. One point of a Social Work function is to determine how close the analogy is to an ordinal utility function for an individual with at least minimal restrictions suggested by welfare economics, including constraints on the number of factors of production.
There are two major distinct but related types of Social Work functions. A Bergson–Samuelson Social Work function considers welfare for a given set of individual preferences or welfare rankings. An Arrow Social Work function considers welfare across different possible sets of individual preferences or welfare rankings and seemingly reasonable axioms that constrain the function.
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