HSC Islamic History and Culture 1st Paper 2nd Chapter Note Prophet Muhammad (SM) (570-632 AD). Muhammad (Arabic: محمد; pronounced [muhammad]; was the founder of Islam. According to Islamic doctrine, he was a prophet and God’s messenger, sent to present and confirm the monotheistic teachings preached previously by Adam, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, and other prophets. He is viewed as the final prophet of God in all the main branches of Islam, though some modern denominations diverge from this belief. Muhammad united Arabia into a single Muslim polity and his teachings, practices, and the Quran form the basis of Islamic religious belief.
HSC Islamic History and Culture 1st Paper 2nd Chapter Note Prophet Muhammad (SM) (570-632 AD)
Born in approximately 570 CE (Year of the Elephant) in the Arabian city of Mecca, Muhammad was orphaned at an early age; he was raised under the care of his paternal uncle Abu Talib and Abu Talib’s wife Fatimah bint Asad. Periodically, he would seclude himself in a mountain cave named Hira for several nights of prayer; later, at age 40, he reported being visited by Gabriel in the cave, where he stated he received his first revelation from God. Three years later, in 610, Muhammad started preaching these revelations publicly, proclaiming that “God is One”, that complete “surrender” (islām) to him is the right course of action (dīn), and that he was a prophet and messenger of God, similar to the other prophets in Islam.
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