HSC Islamic History 1st Paper Question 2018 Rajshahi, Cumilla, Chattogram, Barishal,  Board

HSC Islamic History 1st Paper Question 2018 Rajshahi, Cumilla, Chattogram, Barishal,  Board. The history of Islam fears the Islamic religion and its believers, known as Muslims. Muslims and their religion have prominently compacted the party-political, financial, and armed history of the Old World, mostly the Middle East, where denigration its roots. Resulting from its origin in Mecca and Medina, the Islamic world prolonged to include people of the Islamic expansion, comprehensive of non-Muslims living in that development.

HSC Islamic History 1st Paper Question 2018 Rajshahi, Cumilla, Chattogram, Barishal,  Board

HSC Islamic History 1st Paper Question 2018 Rajshahi, Cumilla, Chattogram, Barishal,  Board

HSC Islamic History 1st Paper Question 2018 Rajshahi, Cumilla, Chattogram, Barishal,  Board

HSC Islamic History 1st Paper Question 2018 Rajshahi, Cumilla, Chattogram, Barishal,  Board

Islam is the second-largest religion in the world after Christianity, with about 1.8 billion Muslims worldwide. Although its roots go back further, scholars typically date the creation of Islam to the 7th century, making it the youngest of the major world religions. Islam started in Mecca, in modern-day Saudi Arabia, during the time of the prophet Muhammad’s life. Today, faith is spreading rapidly throughout the world.

The prophet Muhammad, sometimes spelled Mohammed or Mohammad, was born in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, in 570 A.D. Muslims believe he was the final prophet sent by God to reveal their faith to mankind.

According to Islamic texts and tradition, an angel named Gabriel visited Muhammad in 610 A.D. while he was meditating in a cave. The angel ordered Muhammad to recite the words of Allah.

Muslims believe that Muhammad continued to receive revelations from Allah throughout the rest of his life.

Starting in about 613, Muhammad began preaching throughout Mecca the messages he received. He taught that there was no other God but Allah and that Muslims should devote their lives to this God.

In 622, Muhammad traveled from Mecca to Medina with his supporters. This journey became known as the Hijra (also spelled Hegira or Hijrah) and marks the beginning of the Islamic calendar.

Some seven years later, Muhammad and his many followers returned to Mecca and conquered the region. He continued to preach until his death in 632.

After Muhammad’s passing, Islam began to spread rapidly.  A series of leaders, known as caliphs, became successors to Muhammad. This system of leadership, which was run by a Muslim ruler, became known as a caliphate.

The first caliph was Abu Bakr, Muhammad’s father-in-law, and close friend.

Abu Bakr died about two years after he was elected and was succeeded in 634 by Caliph Umar, another father-in-law of Muhammad.

When Umar was assassinated six years after being named caliph, Uthman, Muhammad’s son-in-law, took the role.

Uthman was also killed, and Ali, Muhammad’s cousin and son-in-law were selected as the next caliph.

During the reign of the first four caliphs, Arab Muslims conquered large regions in the Middle East, including Syria, Palestine, Iran, and Iraq. Islam also spread throughout areas in Europe, Africa, and Asia.

The caliphate system lasted for centuries and eventually evolved into the Ottoman Empire, which controlled large regions in the Middle East from about 1517 until 1917 when World War I ended the Ottoman reign.

When Muhammad died, there was debate over who should replace him as the leader. This led to a schism in Islam, and two major sects emerged: the Sunnis and the Shiites.

Sunnis make up nearly 90 percent of Muslims worldwide. They accept that the first four caliphs were the true successors to Muhammad.

Shiite Muslims believe that only the caliph Ali and his descendants are the real successors to Muhammad. They deny the legitimacy of the first three caliphs. Today, Shiite Muslims have a considerable presence in Iran, Iraq, and Syria.

Other, smaller Muslim denominations within the Sunni and Shiite groups exist. Some of these include:

Wahhabi: This Sunni sect, made up of members of the Tameem tribe in Saudi Arabia, was founded in the 18th century. Followers observe an extremely strict interpretation of Islam that was taught by Muhammad bin Abd al-Wahhab.

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HSC Islamic History 1st Paper Question 2018 Rajshahi, Cumilla, Chattogram, Barishal,  Board

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