HSC Islam Education 2nd Paper 5th Chapter Note. Fiqh Scripture. Fiqh was the way of creating a law system in accordance with the principles of Islam as based on the central religious scripture, the Koran.
The principles [usul] of Islamic Jurisprudence [fiqh] deals with the derivation of rulings [ahkam] relating to all matters of worship [‘ibadah], dealings [mu’amalat] or any type of activities conducted in this life from the Qur’an and the Sunnah of His Messenger, peace be upon him. In order to do this accurately, a scholar must strictly adhere to certain principles and regulations: a science termed Usul al-Fiqh (the principles of Islamic Jurisprudence).
This rigorous academic program includes many courses to broaden your knowledge of Islamic history and scripture, including Islamic History I (HI-624) and Readings In Islamic Law: Fiqh of Worship (SC-643). Students preparing to become Muslim chaplains gain hands-on experience by taking Field Education for Islamic Chaplaincy (GC-580). Many of our classes are taught at our Macdonald Center for the Study of Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations, the longest running center of its kind. Tell us about yourself and we’d be happy to send more information about the Islamic Chaplaincy program at Hartford Seminary.
HSC Islam Education 2nd Paper 5th Chapter Note. Fiqh Scripture
Logic was studied in several ancient civilizations, including India, China, Persia, and Greece. This issue goes back to the basic difference between the Islamic and Christian view of knowledge. In Christianity, the Bible relates the fall of man to the sin of stealing the fruit from the tree of knowledge; whereas, in Islam, the Quran describes knowledge as the basis on which the man was given preference over the angels. Even historically, the Christian church is full of stories about its Inquisitors who censored the works of science and also tortured the scientists if the views were contrary to what the Bible said.
In Muslim history, no such institutionalized censorship or suppression of scientists can be found. In the Muslim world, you find the harmonious combination of the two types of knowledge. For example, in the person of Ibn Sina, you had someone who had written al-Isharat on philosophy and metaphysics, and also al-Qanun fit-Tibb on medicine, a book whose Latin translation was used as a text in western universities till two centuries ago! This dissection between the religious and secular sciences is the root of all the problems in the area of education for Muslims worldwide.
The greatest challenge for the Muslims of the twenty-first century is the issue of the bringing together of the two sciences, religious and secular, in such a way that knowledge brings people closer to God and gives meaning to the life on this earth. This is not impossible because historically the Muslims have done that in the past. Right from the days of Imam Muhammad al- Baqir (a.s.) till the downfall of the Muslim empire. We had Imam Muhammad al-Baqir (a.s) who taught theology to Hisham bin Hakam, Ahadith to Zurarah bin A’yan, and science to Jabir bin Hayyan. In our Imams, we see the example of a single source for religious as well as secular sciences.
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