HSC Islam Education 1st Paper 7th Chapter Note
HSC Islam Education 1st Paper 7th Chapter Note. International Law of Islam. Islamic law does not distinguish between national and international law in the modern sense of these words. Islamic law does, however, contain a large corpus of rules on how Muslims should deal with the nonbeliever inside and outside the realms of Islamic rule. These nonbelievers were, in the early period of Islam, approached as peoples (tribes or towns) and later as states. Muslims engaged with nonbelievers by means of alliances, war, and pacts.
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HSC Islam Education 1st Paper 7th Chapter Note. International Law of Islam
Logic was studied in several ancient civilizations, including India, China, Persia, and Greece. This issue goes back to the basic difference between the Islamic and Christian view of knowledge. In Christianity, the Bible relates the fall of man to the sin of stealing the fruit from the tree of knowledge; whereas, in Islam, the Quran describes knowledge as the basis on which the man was given preference over the angels. Even historically, the Christian church is full of stories about its Inquisitors who censored the works of science and also tortured the scientists if the views were contrary to what the Bible said.
In Muslim history, no such institutionalized censorship or suppression of scientists can be found. In the Muslim world, you find the harmonious combination of the two types of knowledge. For example, in the person of Ibn Sina, you had someone who had written al-Isharat on philosophy and metaphysics, and also al-Qanun fit-Tibb on medicine, a book whose Latin translation was used as a text in western universities till two centuries ago! This dissection between the religious and secular sciences is the root of all the problems in the area of education for Muslims worldwide.
The greatest challenge for the Muslims of the twenty-first century is the issue of the bringing together of the two sciences, religious and secular, in such a way that knowledge brings people closer to God and gives meaning to the life on this earth. This is not impossible because historically the Muslims have done that in the past. Right from the days of Imam Muhammad al- Baqir (a.s.) till the downfall of the Muslim empire. We had Imam Muhammad al-Baqir (a.s) who taught theology to Hisham bin Hakam, Ahadith to Zurarah bin A’yan, and science to Jabir bin Hayyan. In our Imams, we see the example of a single source for religious as well as secular sciences.
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