HSC Biology 2nd Paper Note 5th Chapter Human Physiology: Breathing and Respiration

HSC Biology 2nd Paper Note 5th Chapter Human Physiology: Breathing and Respiration. Breathing (or respiration, or ventilation) is the process of moving air into and out of the lungs to facilitate gas exchange with the internal environment, mostly by bringing in oxygen and flushing out carbon dioxide. All aerobic creatures need oxygen for cellular respiration, which uses the oxygen to break down foods for energy and produces carbon dioxide as a waste product. Breathing, or “external respiration”, brings air into the lungs where gas exchange takes place in the alveoli through diffusion. The body’s circulatory system transports these gasses to and from the cells, where “cellular respiration” takes place.

HSC Biology 2nd Paper Note 5th Chapter Human Physiology: Breathing and Respiration

HSC Biology 2nd Paper Note 5th Chapter Human Physiology: Breathing and Respiration

HSC Biology 2nd Paper Note 5th Chapter Human Physiology: Breathing and Respiration

HSC Biology 2nd Paper Note 5th Chapter Human Physiology: Breathing and Respiration

HSC Biology 2nd Paper Note 5th Chapter Human Physiology: Breathing and Respiration

In physiology, respiration is defined as the movement of oxygen from the outside environment to the cells within tissues, and the transport of carbon dioxide in the opposite direction. The physiological definition of respiration differs from the biochemical definition, which refers to cellular respiration, a metabolic process by which an organism obtains energy (in the form of ATP) by oxidizing nutrients and releasing waste products. Although physiologic respiration is necessary to sustain cellular respiration and thus life in animals, the processes are distinct: cellular respiration takes place in individual cells of the organism, while physiologic respiration concerns the diffusion and transport of metabolites between the organism and the external environment.

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HSC Biology 2nd Paper Note 5th Chapter Human Physiology: Breathing and Respiration

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