HSC All Board Biology 2nd Paper Board Question 2018

HSC All Board Biology 2nd Paper Board Question 2018. Biology Suggestion and Question Patterns of HSC Examination 2017. HSC 2014 patterns suggestion and the question was published by the Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education, Dhaka. The Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education, Dhaka is an autonomous organization, responsible for the holding of two public examinations (SSC & HSC) and recognition of the newly created non-Govt. The educational institution, as well as of the supervision, control, and evolution of these institutions.

HSC All Board Biology 2nd Paper Board Question 2018

HSC All Board Biology 2nd Paper Board Question 2018

2nd Paper

HSC Biology 2nd Paper Question 2018 Dhaka Board

HSC Biology 2nd Paper Question 2018 Rajshahi, Dinajpur, Cumilla, Chattogram, Sylhet, Jashore, Barishal Board

Cell theory states that the cell is the fundamental unit of life, that all living things are composed of one or more cells, and that all cells arise from pre-existing cells through cell division. In multicellular organisms, every cell in the organism’s body derives ultimately from a single cell in a fertilized egg. The cell is also considered to be the basic unit in many pathological processes.

In addition, the phenomenon of energy flow occurs in cells in processes that are part of the function known as metabolism. Finally, cells contain hereditary information (DNA), which is passed from cell to cell during cell division. Research into the origin of life, abiogenesis, amounts to an attempt to discover the origin of the first cells.

A central organizing concept in biology is that life changes and develops through evolution and that all life-forms known have a common origin. The theory of evolution postulates that all organisms on the Earth, both living and extinct, have descended from a common ancestor or an ancestral gene pool. This universal common ancestor of all organisms is believed to have appeared about 3.5 billion years ago.[25] Biologists regard the ubiquity of the genetic code as definitive evidence in favor of the theory of universal common descent for all bacteria, archaea, and eukaryotes (see: the origin of life).

The term “evolution” was introduced into the scientific lexicon by Jean-Baptiste de Lamarck in 1809, and fifty years later Charles Darwin posited a scientific model of natural selection as evolution’s driving force.[28][29][30] (Alfred Russel Wallace is recognized as the co-discoverer of this concept as he helped research and experiment with the concept of evolution.) Evolution is now used to explain the great variations of life found on Earth.

Darwin theorized that species flourish or die when subjected to the processes of natural selection or selective breeding. Genetic drift was embraced as an additional mechanism of evolutionary development in the modern synthesis of the theory.

Genes are the primary units of inheritance in all organisms. A gene is a unit of heredity and corresponds to a region of DNA that influences the form or function of an organism in specific ways. All organisms, from bacteria to animals, share the same basic machinery that copies and translates DNA into proteins. Cells transcribe a DNA gene into an RNA version of the gene, and a ribosome then translates the RNA into a sequence of amino acids known as a protein.

The translation code from RNA codon to amino acid is the same for most organisms. For example, a sequence of DNA that codes for insulin in humans also codes for insulin when inserted into other organisms, such as plants.

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HSC All Board All Subjects Board Question 2018

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