HSC Agricultural Studies 2 Suggestion and Question Patterns 2020-3. Agricultural science began with Gregory Mendel’s genetic work, then in current relations might be better dated from the chemical fertilizer productions of plant physical sympathetic in 18th-century Germany. In the United States, a technical rebellion in agriculture began with the Hatch Act of 1887, which used the term “agricultural science”. The Hatch Act was driven by farmers’ interest in knowing the voters of early reproduction fertilizer. The Smith-Hughes Act of 1917 shifted agricultural education back to its occupational roots, but the scientific basis had been built. After 1906, civic expenses on the agricultural investigation in the US exceeded private expenses for the next 44 years.
HSC Agricultural Studies 2 Suggestion and Question Patterns 2020-3
Model Question No. 3
The agricultural study is a broad field that covers the production, distribution, management, and research of agricultural goods. A bachelor’s degree program in agricultural studies can help you qualify for a position as an agricultural scientist or operations inspector, animal breeder, farm manager or food technologist.
The study of agriculture can lead to a variety of careers, including those associated with consulting, farming, management, and research. Read on to learn more about degree programs and useful courses for agricultural scientists or workers, as well as how much you might earn in the ‘field.’
The agricultural study is a broad field that covers the production, distribution, management, and research of agricultural goods. A bachelor’s degree program in agricultural studies can help you qualify for a position as an agricultural scientist or operations inspector, animal breeder, farm manager or food technologist. Advanced degree programs can also open the door to a career in research and development or academia, as well as higher-level opportunities in the public sector or private sectors, such as a job with the U.S. Department of Agriculture or a manufacturing company. Career options for non-graduates who have received on-the-job training might be found with farms, ranches, greenhouses, and nurseries.
Agricultural specialists and workers may be involved in the day-to-day operations of the farming industry. For example, they might grow crops, breed animals, manage farms and negotiate business transactions. Those employed in administrative and scientific positions need an understanding of business and science; aspiring agricultural workers can benefit practical farming skills.
According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), overall employment of agricultural workers, including animal breeders and farmworkers, was projected to decrease nationwide between 2012 and 2022. By comparison, the average growth in jobs (9%) was expected for agricultural and food scientists during the same period. As of May 2013, the median annual wage for farm workers and laborers was $18,710, while animal breeders and animal scientists earned $37,950 and $60,180 respectively. The median annual salary for soil and plant scientists was $58,990 in 2013; food scientists and technologists earned $59,630 (www.bls.gov).
In a bachelor’s degree program in agricultural science, you’ll learn how to improve crop yields and ensure the safety of consumer foods. You’ll become familiar with all aspects of the agribusiness, including food production, distribution methods, and management strategies. Although programs can be flexible, you’ll most likely take classes in plant and animal science, economics, environmental science, and sustainable agriculture, or learn how to use geographic information systems (GIS). Specialized coursework in agricultural technology, biofuel production, and resource conservation might also be part of the curriculum. Areas of concentration may include agricultural biology, agricultural economics or permaculture.
Master’s degree programs in agriculture usually require an additional two years of study beyond the bachelor’s degree level, while a doctorate may be completed in 3-4 years. Graduate programs can lead to a master’s degree in animal science and a doctorate in agricultural science. Certificate and minor programs of study within agricultural departments may also be available to you.
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