English Version HSC 2nd Paper 7th Chapter Physics Note. Physical Optics. The physics is one of the oldest academic disciplines, perhaps the oldest through the inclusion of astronomy. In the last two millennia, physics was a part of natural philosophy, chemistry, certain branches of mathematics and biology, but during the scientific revolution in the 17th century, the natural sciences emerged as unique in its own right research programs. Physics intersects with many interdisciplinary areas of research, such as Biophysics and quantum chemistry, and physics limits are not rigidly defined. New ideas in physics often explain the fundamentals of other sciences mechanisms, to open new avenues of research in areas such as mathematics and philosophy.
English Version HSC 2nd Paper 7th Chapter Physics Note. Physical Optics
AS current could create a magnetic field likewise current can be generated by a mantic field which is called Electromagnetic Induction. There are two types of content such as Direct Current (D.C.) and Alternating Current (A.C.) Both Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Current is considered as one of the very essential things in our daily life. In this chapter, we will discuss Electromagnetic Induction, induced electromotive force, Faraday’s Laws of Electromagnetic Induction, Lens Law, self-induction and mutual Induction, generation of Alternating Current and their relative’s studies.
Physical optics defines the transport of light by the physics of wave propagation. Maxwell’s equations and Fourier transformations are applied toward accurate descriptions of point spread and defocus. Comprehension of the ensuing topics is essential for the effective design of an optical instrument. Development of comprehension is a product of exploration and application of these principles. Refraction, reflection, and scattering are all based on the wave nature of light. The Airy pattern is dependent on the diffraction of a circular aperture, and the depth of focus is dependent on physical optics. Most sections of this chapter have a more detailed version in Chapter 19, which focuses on advanced concepts. At least one member of the optical design team should comprehend the advanced concepts.
Physics is one of the oldest academic disciplines and, through its inclusion of astronomy, perhaps the oldest. Over the last two millennia, physics, chemistry, biology, and certain branches of mathematics were a part of natural philosophy, but during the scientific revolution in the 17th century, these natural sciences emerged as unique research endeavors in their own right. Physics intersects with many interdisciplinary areas of research, such as biophysics and quantum chemistry, and the boundaries of physics are not rigidly defined. New ideas in physics often explain the fundamental mechanisms studied by other sciences and suggest new avenues of research in academic disciplines such as mathematics and philosophy. We propose to engineer and validate a novel random access three-dimensional two-photon (2P) laser scanning microscope which can simultaneously image three different brain regions in the three spatial dimensions (3x3D system), where each scanned volume can exceed cubic millimeters. We will validate the capability of our 3x3D system by simultaneously performing retinal, lateral geniculate nucleus, and cortical 3D imaging and photostimulation.
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