Al-Hadith: Education of Islam 2nd Paper 2nd Chapter MCQ Question With Answer. Al-Hadith (Arabic: أهل الحديث, “The people of hadith”; also Așḥāb al-ḥadīṯ; أصحاب الحديث, “The adherents of hadith”) first emerged in the 2nd/3rd Islamic centuries as a movement of hadith scholars who considered the Quran and authentic hadith to be the only authority in matters of law and creed. Its adherents are also known as traditionalists and traditionists (from “tradition” as a translation of the word hadith). In jurisprudence, Ahl al-Hadith opposed contemporary jurists who based their legal reasoning on the informed opinion (ra’y) or living local practice, referred to as Ahl ar-Ra’y. In matters of faith, they were pitted against the Mu’tazilites and other theological currents, condemning many points of their doctrines as well as the rationalistic methods they used in defending them. The most prominent leader of the movement was Ahmad ibn Hanbal.
Al-Hadith: Education of Islam 2nd Paper 2nd Chapter MCQ Question With Answer
Subsequently, all Sunni legal schools gradually came to accept the reliance on the Quran and hadith advocated by the Ahl al-Hadith movement, while al-Ash’ari (874-936) used rationalistic argumentation favored by Mu’tazilites to defend most tenets of the Ahl al-Hadith doctrine. In the following centuries, the term Ahl al-hadith came to refer to the scholars, most of the Hanbali madhhab, who rejected rationalistic theology (kalam) and held on to the early Sunni creed. This theological school, which is also known as traditionalist theology, has been championed in recent times by the Salafi movement. The term Ahl al-hadith is sometimes used in a more general sense to denote a particularly enthusiastic commitment to hadith and to the views and way of life of the Salaf (exemplary early Muslims).
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